The Fynbos Biome is the smallest of the 6 Floral kingdoms and is classified as a biological hotspot because it is hugely diverse and home to the worlds richest floral area. There are more than 9000 plant species found in this biome; 6000 of which are endemic and only found in this region.
There are more than 62 plant family groups in the Fynbos biome. The three most common of these families are the Restio, Erica and Protea groups.
Restio Family: Assumes the place of grass in the Fynbos Biome and is used for thatching in the Western Cape.
Erica Family: Characterised by brightly coloured flowers, shrubs and small trees with small and dry fruit.
Protea Family: Several species of proteas and pincushions are grown as ornamentals and cut flowers. The King Protea also known as the Giant Protea is South Africa’s national flower.
The greatest threats to Fynbos are urban development, agriculture, silviculture (forest plantations) and the spread of Alien invasive plants such as Black Wattle, commonly known as Rooikrans and Port Jackson.
*Species commonly found in the Berg River Catchment Area
|Common Name||Latin Name|
|China Flower||Adenandra marginata|
|Soldier in a Box||Albuca flaccida|
|March Lilly||Amaryllis belladonna|
|Sour Fig||Carpobrotus edulis|
|Climber’s Friend||Cliffortia ruscifolia|
|Pig’s Ears||Cotyledon orbiculata|
|Morning Dew||Drosera cistiflora|
|Fire Heath||Erica cerinthoides|
|Plukenet’s Heath||Erica plukenetii|
|African Rosemary||Eriocephalus africanus|
|Wild Dagga||Leonotis leonurus|
|Peacock flower||Spiloxene capensis|
|Blackrim sugarbush||Protea acuminata|
|Clasping-leaf sugarbush||Protea amplexicaulis|
|Burchell’s sugarbush||Protea burchelli|
|King protea||Protea cynaroides|
|Broad-leaf sugarbush||Protea eximia|
|Red sugarbush||Protea grandiceps|
|Thong-leaf sugarbush||Protea lorea|
|Queen sugarbush||Protea magnifica|
|Mountain-rose sugarbush||Protea nana|
|Oleander-leaf protea, Narrow-leaf sugarbush||protea neriifolia|
|The Wagon tree||Protea nitida|
|Common sugarbush, Honey flower||Protea repens|
|Thistle sugarbush||Protea scolymocephala|
|Bracken Fern||Pteridium aquilinium|
|Arum Lilly||Zantedeschia aethiopica|